Hair loss in humans occurs due to various reasons. Often such patients can be treated and improvements to hair loss can be obtained. In emergent cases, hair can be transplanted and grown in the required area as if natural hair is growing there. The advantage of this method is that there is no need to get admitted in a hospital. Most often hair transplant surgeons carry out this surgery in his office room and the patients are allowed to go home in the evening. The most common hair transplantation procedures are discussed in this article.
Scalp reduction is the most common and earliest method of hair transplantation. In this procedure the scalp area of the head is prepared for transplantation. This method is practical only for those who have sufficient amount of hair in other area of the head. At present this method is modified to give a more natural look after transplantation.
Follicular unit transplantation
This method has been the most popular hair transplant method for decades in many hair transp. The hair obtained by this method looks natural and it is fully functional also. Very high resolution stereo microscopes are used. These microscopes help to avert any damages or causalities that can occur by using naked eye. In this method hair is transplanted as follicular units which are naturally occurring in every head. In this process a strip of hair is removed from the donor area and the hair are dissected into follicular units. These follicular units are then properly placed in the slots prepared by the surgeon for planting them. After this surgery a scar only will be left showing the area from where the strip of hair was removed. The surgeon in the hair transplant clinic will cover the scar by the remaining hair
Follicular hair extraction
This method is somewhat similar to the previous method. But in this case removal of strip of hair follicles is not done in the hair transplant clinic. In this process individual follicular hairs are removed from the donor area and are properly placed in the slots prepared for them in the recipient area. The benefit of this method is that there is less damage to the donor area as no strip of hair is removed from the donor area. So the donor area does not look awkward. Another advantage of this method is that it allows the surgeon to choose the hairstyle preferred by the candidate.
It is very difficult to judge which of hair transplant procedures will be suitable for a particular case. An expert hair transplant surgeon will be the best person to decide which method will be suitable for a particular candidate. Surgeon in the hair transplant clinic will examine your bald area and find out the amount of hair to be transplanted to make you look natural. He will also examine the donor area and ascertain the availability of suitable donor hair and the suitable hair transplant procedures for extracting them. From the above observations, he will be able to clearly fix the method suitable for your particular case.